MT. OLDONYO LENGAI
Mount Oldonyo Lengai is located on the South of Lake Natron In the eastern Rift Valley of Northern Tanzania. This Mountain Locally regarded as the sacred Mountain of God in the Maa language. It is an active volcano at 2,878m. Mount Oldonyo lengai is the only know mountain that sometimes erupt nitro carbonate Lava, the highest fluid lava that contains almost no silicon. Natrocarbonatite lava (most fluid lava) is also much cooler than other lavas. During the day most of this lava flows look like fluid black oil. Some feel the lava flows resemble mud like-flows. Natrocarbonatite lava turns white when in contact with moisture.
During rainy periods, the lava turns white almost immediately whilst this whitening takes longer during the dry periods. mount Ol Doinyo Lengai also has phases of explosive activity during which the composition of the lava may contain much more silicate material. With this type of eruption, initial phases of the eruption may include strong lava fountains but usually there is no fluid lava and ash eruptions accompanied by ejection of rocks and explosions occurs. The two most recent eruptions of this type occurred during 1966-1967 and 2007-2008. Almost without fail, about every seven years Lengai erupts and plumes of smoke billow out of the crater. At other times it is possible to walk down into the crater, almost to the edge of the molten lava flows.
Views in the north from its summit crater lies the hot barren salt flats of Lake Natron stretch into the distance, beyond lies the Kenyan border. The day temperatures by the lake often exceed 40°C and a few animals survive here with the flamingo making its home here as breeding grounds, nesting on the salty surface on upraised mounds. The view on the east is dominated by Mount Kilimanjaro and to the west the forested escarpments and hills comprising the western slopes of the Great African Rift Valley.
To the south stretches the Crater Highlands, Ngorongoro being one of the prime wildlife conservation areas in Africa.
The ascent of Oldoinyo Lengai is demanding on account of the day time heat, lack of water, steep and unstable slopes of ash and crumbly rocks. African Traits recommends the early start as is the best approach to climb this mountain as the morning sun on the west can be avoided for a while.
African Traits ltd offer the unique Experience with chimpanzee in Mount Mahele National. Tracking the chimps of Mahale is a magical experience. The park like its northerly neighbor Gombe is home to some of the Africa’s last remaining wild chimpanzees, a population of roughly 900, they are habituated to human visitors by a Japanese research project founded in the 1960s.
Mahale is located in the Western Tanzania to the South of Kigoma town, it is bordering Lake Tanganyika-the World’s longest, second deepest and least polluted freshwater lake-harbouring an estimated 1000 fish species
The dry season (May -October) is the best period. During this period, chimpanzees are likely to be seen in big groups, the sunshine illuminates the fish in the Lake and the beach is an inviting place to relax. However, Mahele Mountains National Park is accessible all year round. A visit in the rainy season can also be a memorable experience, made remarkable by views of the neighboring country DR Congo across the water and by incredible lightning storms that light up the lake at night. The most attractions in this mountains are, The Chimpanzees, Chain of Mountains (Mahale range), Forest fauna and flora (Angola Columbus, red Columbus, red-tailed and blue monkeys, forest birds, alpine bamboo, montane rain forest etc),Beach along Lake Tanganyika, Local fishermen, Sun set on the Lake horizon
Key Activities in Mahele National Park
- Chimp tracking (allow two days)
- Hiking to the Park’s highest point “Nkungwe” (8,069ft) held sacred by the local Tongwe people.
- Camping safaris
- Sports fishing and many more water sports activities
Size: 3,500 km sq.
Elevation 1,000m – 2,200m
The Usambaras are approximately 90 kilometers (56 mi) long and ranging from 30–50 kilometers (19–31 mi) in width. They are part of the Eastern Arc Mountains, which stretch from Kenya through Tanzania. The range is one of the world’s Biodiversity hotspots.
The range is accessible from the towns of Lushoto in the west, and Amani in the east. The Usambaras are commonly split into two sub-ranges, the West Usambara Mountains and the East Usambara Mountains. The East Usambara are closer to the coast, receive more rainfall, and are significantly smaller than the West Usambara.
The mountain range was formed nearly two billion years ago. Due to a lack of glaciations and a relatively consistent climate, the rainforest has gone through a long term and unique evolution resulting in an impressive amount of endemism and an old growth cloud rainforests.
The West and East Usambaras are large ranges of Precambrian metamorphic geologic formations of acid-gneisses, pyroxenes, and amphiboles. These mountains were formed by faulting and uplifting creating the drainage system of troughs that form many watersheds, which provide water to a majority of the population of northeast Tanzania
The Usambara Mountains are fairly unusual in East Africa with their natural regions still covered in tropical forests, which otherwise continentally remain primarily in Western Africa. Considered tremendously significant ecologically and a Biodiversity hotspot. There are many protected zones throughout the range, which are being expanded and contributed to by the Tanzanian government, associated NGO’s and research teams, and donor countries such as Norway.
Several species are endemic to the Usambara forests, including the Usambara eagle-owl (Bubo vosseleri), the Usambara akalat (Sheppardia montane), the Usambara weaver(Ploceus nicolli), the African violet (Saintpaulia ionantha), the tree species Calodendrum eickii
Key Activities in Usambara Mountains
Other Safari Activities (Extension Safaris)
- Other Activities/ Extensions on Safari
- Balloon Safaris
- Bird Watching Safaris
- Water Games/Diving and Snorkeling
- Historical Sites
- Horse and Camel Riding
- Mountain Biking
- Shopping and Nightlife
- Walking Safaris
- Night Game Drives